The graph depicts asylum seekers who arrived in Austria in the course of 2015 by year of birth, gender and country of origin. For cohorts born between 1975 and 2005 (between 10 and 40 years of age), more men than women applied for asylum in Austria in 2015 across all three countries of origin. Among male asylum seekers, the graph shows a peak for birth cohorts between 1990 and 1997, i.e. asylum seekers between 20 and 27 years of age. For female asylums seekers, this peak is less pronounced. (Source: Austrian Ministry of the Interior – BMI)
The overrepresentation of young men among the recent refugee inflows to Europe can be attributed to a variety of socio-cultural and economic factors. Both physically and financially, the journey to Europe is typically easier to undertake for men than women. The stronger patriarchal orientation of the countries of origin certainly also comes into play. In addition, many young men aim to avoid the military draft in Syria and other countries affected by violent conflict, or flee from being forced into conscription by Islamist groups, including ISIS.