RESEARCH – Visualisations from DIPAS Project

The graph depicts asylum seekers who arrived in Austria in the course of 2015 by year of birth, gender and country of origin. For cohorts born between 1975 and 2005 (between 10 and 40 years of age), more men than women applied for asylum in Austria in 2015 across all three countries of origin. Among male asylum seekers, the graph shows a peak for birth cohorts between 1990 and 1997, i.e. asylum seekers between 20 and 27 years of age. For female asylums seekers, this peak is less pronounced. (Source: Austrian Ministry of the Interior – BMI)

The overrepresentation of young men among the recent refugee inflows to Europe can be attributed to a variety of socio-cultural and economic factors. Both physically and financially, the journey to Europe is typically easier to undertake for men than women. The stronger patriarchal orientation of the countries of origin certainly also comes into play. In addition, many young men aim to avoid the military draft in Syria and other countries affected by violent conflict, or flee from being forced into conscription by Islamist groups, including ISIS.

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We want Moore!

Humans tend to think in linear terms. Exponential relationships just exceed our imagination. But the key driver of digital progress, Moore’s law, proceeds (still after 40 years) exponentially. The number of transistors on a same-spaced unit double every two years. This is one of the reasons why, we fail to grasp the speed of technological progress, not to speak of forecasting it.

RESEARCH – Bonds and Bridges, and Between: An Empirical Analysis of Group-Based Trust

Full article here: Stephany F. and F. Braesemann (2016). Bonds and Bridges, and Between: An Empirical Analysis of Group-Based Trust

Social capital is often represented by generalized trust – the degree to which one trusts ’most (unknown) people’. It is assumed to be enhanced by diverse group interactions. In the social capital literature, it is opposed by particularized trust, which represents our mutual confidence in individuals close to us, for example, family members and friends.

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RESEARCH – Who are Your Joneses?

Full article here: Stephany, F. Soc Indic Res (2016)

Trust is a good approach to explain the functioning of markets, institutions or society as a whole. It is a key element in almost every commercial transaction over time and might be one of the main explanations of economic success and development. Explaining the roots and patterns of trust across time and space, researchers have identified economic inequality to be one of the main hazards to the creation of trust. Continue reading “RESEARCH – Who are Your Joneses?”

RESEARCH – United in Diversity? An Empirical Investigation on Europe’s Regional Social Capital

Full article here: Braesemann & Stephany (2016). United in Diversity? An Empirical Investigation on Europe’s Regional Social Capital

Aiming to explain the European divide with respect to social and political values, scholars in the past have relied on a simplified four- (or even two-) dimensional regime model which tranches the continent according to the social capacities of its inhabitants. This “cartography” of “Social Europe” proves to be outdated by the presented findings. Continue reading “RESEARCH – United in Diversity? An Empirical Investigation on Europe’s Regional Social Capital”

RESEARCH – Whose Realm, His Trust – Regional Dispersions of Generalized Trust in Europe

Full article here: Stephany (2015). Whose Realm, His Trust – Regional Dispersions of Generalized Trust in Europe

Trust explains the functioning of markets, institutions or society as a whole. It is a key element in almost every commercial transaction over time and might be one of the main explanations of economic success and development. The determinants of (generalized) trust have been investigated in the past. Most of the scholars have focused on aggregate (national) levels of trust. Continue reading “RESEARCH – Whose Realm, His Trust – Regional Dispersions of Generalized Trust in Europe”